There's a large variety of species of hardwood flooring available these days. Also common is Fir flooring, which is technically a soft wood. It can be found as pre-finished or unfinished. The usual method for installation is nailed-down and can be re-finished several times in the future. It is often surprising how well refinishing can bring back the original natural beauty of the wood even for floors over a hundred years old.
Engineered flooring has many benefits. The manufacturing process makes it possible to enjoy the beauty of real hardwood over concrete floors, radiant heat and sound barriers, when otherwise wouldn't be possible. Depending on how thick the wear layers are, it can also be refinished once-twice more times. It can be nailed-down, glued-down or floating.
Laminate flooring is an affordable hardwood-looking option. There are a vast amount of colours, styles and thicknesses to choose from. It usually has excellent impact durability. Laminate is usually installed by floating over a foam/poly-type underlay but can be glued-down for commercial applications.
There are many types/styles of stairs. The stair treads can be installed by using either one peice of solid hardwood or they can be made from tongue and groove flooring with a custom nosing profile. The risers can be made from solid wood, veneer or mdf. Also they can be installed as pre-finished or unfinished then finished after with natural or a stain to match your flooring
Types of finish
There are also many finish options. After a wood floor is sanded to the bare wood, a sealer is applied for the natural look or a penetrating stain can be applied with several durable coats of polyurethane. This can be done using an eco-friendly and fast drying water based product or a traditional oil based. Polyurethane sheens can range from high gloss, satin to matt. Top coats of polyurethane can be applied to freshen up and give a new shine to a floor without sanding down to bare wood. Or, a natural vegetable based oil can be applied to bare wood with a one coat process that will give the floor a natural wood look and also allow for easy touch-ups in the future.
Hardwood protection and cleaning
After your new hardwood floor is ready to use, felt protectives should be applied on the base of all furniture. Cleaning with minimal water or hardwood-safe cleaner and use of a micro-fiber mop is also recommended.